quarta-feira, 18 de maio de 2022

What Powers the Intracorporal Nanogrid?


Laurent Aventin

May 16th

 This is a question that has been asked several times by our readers and one which I have also asked myself. How can a wireless intracorporal nanonetwork function over weeks, months or years and what powers it? What kind of energy consumption does it have and can such a device operate autonomously and independently in a sustainable manner?

To answer these questions, we will publish here some excerpts from our latest dossier on the presence of nanonetworks in Covid vaccine sera. These are only excerpts and we therefore refer the reader to the the file for an overview of the operation of these vaccine-injected devices, which are the Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN).

Many wonder how such a network – however miniaturised – could be sustained with a sufficient, reliable and sustainable source of energy.

Energy-efficient nanobatteries

For its operation, the WBAN must be energy efficient. This is one of the main challenges and each sensor node works with a nano-battery. Too much communication consumes too much energy, as reported by Ullah et al. in a 2022 study titled: Energy Efficiency and Reliability Considerations in Wireless Body Area Networks: A Survey. The authors review and present a critical overview of “energy efficient and reliable routing solutions” for WBANs.

But one of the reference publications on nano-batteries is certainly that of Song H et al. published in 2021 which offers a very comprehensive introduction to the subject. In chapter 19 of a 650-page book on nanotechnology, there is a section on graphene nano-batteries.

Nano-batteries use nanoscale technology, that is, particles that are less than 100 nanometers in size and work by using ions. There are several types of nano-batteries but the most classic type is based on the conversion of chemical energy into electrical energy.

The principle of a nano-battery is similar to what we know of a battery (anode, cathode, electrolyte) but uses the flow of ions (nano scale).

The anode and the cathode have two different chemical potentials, which depend on the reactions taking place at either end. The electrolyte can be a solid or a liquid, referring to a dry cell or a wet cell respectively, and it is ionically conductive. Nano-batteries injected into the body evolve in the body fluids and use the ions available in the
human body.

Graphene nanobatteries

Graphene nano-batteries can function in different ways, in particular thanks to the electromagnetic waves that are found everywhere in our environment, in particular, those produced by wireless telephone networks. When a biological system is located in an electromagnetic environment, they will experience induced currents corresponding to the frequencies of this environment. We also know that some people are particularly sensitive to these signals.

If graphene oxide offers a good absorption capacity for 5G waves. Mik Andersen's claim here is based on the work of Ameer and Gul (2016), titled Influence of Reduced Graphene Oxide on Effective Absorption Bandwidth Shift of Hybrid Absorbers. He also concludes that there is good absorption of 2G, 3G and 4G waves (see diagram)

Diagram: radio spectrum according to frequency levels (source article by Mike Andersen).

Ammer and Gul's paper concludes that the NiFe2O4-rGO nanocomposite can operate in the 1MHz-3GHz spectrum, fitting well into the 5G electromagnetic spectrum, but also other 2G, 3G, and 4G bands. The authors explained it as follows: “
[S]pectroscopy was performed in the low-frequency region in the 1 MHz-3 GHz spectrum. The as-synthesized pristine nanoparticles and hybrids were found to be highly absorbing for microwaves throughout the L and S radar bands (< −10 dB from 1 MHz to 3 GHz). This excellent microwave absorbing property induced by graphene sheet coupling shows application of these materials with absorption bandwidth which is tailored such that these could be used for low frequency.”

Therefore, the question of the energy supply to an intracorporeal nano-network does not seem to present a technical difficulty even if, as for all technologies, it can be improved & upgraded.

In response to some readers in whiom our articles provoke anxiety, I can only say that this is simply a question of providing information and explanations for what various teams are discovering - and will continue to discover - in the vaccine sera. We present this to explain what has been observed in Covid vaccines and what these technologies can actually do. The idea is not to scare readers, but to help them make decisions when the next epidemic and the next vaccination campaign are proposed, or virtually imposed. Because then, we will need to make some difficult choices if they decide to cut social assistance or access to care for the unvaccinated.

Source: https://lecourrierdesstrateges.fr/2022/05/16/vaccins-covid-comment-les-nanoreseaux-intracorporels-sont-ils-alimentes-en-energie/

Related:  The Intracorporal Nanogrid

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